|Parts of Speech||Definition||Questions to Ask||Examples|
|Subject (noun)||Person, place, thing or idea that tells whom or what the sentence is about (nouns name and label).||Who?
|Mary went to the store. (who)
The football was kicked though the goal posts. (what?)
|Predicate (verb)||The action of a scene (can be a helping or linking verb). It shows the action or links the subject to another word in the sentence.||What did the subject do?
What happened to the subject?
|The boys galloped down the path.
I am happy about that.
|Adjective||Words that describe (modify) nouns or pronouns.||What kind?
|The balloons are colorful.
John brought a new book to school.
|Adverb||Words that describe (modify) verbs. Sometimes they can modify adjectives or other adverbs (Often they end in LY).||How?
To what extent? How much?
|She speaks slowly and loudly. (how)
Today’s walk was extra long. (how much)
Last night I slept quite soundly. (to what extent/how).
|Preposition||Words that show position or direction and introduce prepositional phrases||Some common prepositions:
about, after, at, before, by, down, for, from, in, into, of, off, on, to, under, up, with
|Some common compound prepositions:
according to, because of, aside from, in addition to, in front of, instead of, next to, on account of, prior to
|Prepositional Phrase||Begins with a preposition and includes the object of the preposition and any words that modify the preposition.||Most prepositions tell where or about time.||I lost the money in the parking lot.
The cat was under the bed.
Before the movie, let’s go out for pizza.
|Pronoun||Takes the place of a noun||What words replace the noun?||This is mine, but I can give it to you.|
|interjection||Words or phrases that show strong feeling(s). Commas or exclamation points are used to separate interjections from the rest of the sentence.||What type of words express emotion?||Wow, what a great shot!
Hey! Watch where you are going!
|Conjunction||Words that connect words or groups of words||What are the words that connect ideas?||The lake is rough and wavy. We can ride our bikes now or later.|