Word Choice: Figurative Language







A simile is a figure of speech comparing two unlike things.  You know it’s a simile because the word Like or as is used. (Her eyes are as green as emeralds.  He can swim like a fish in water.)

A metaphor is a figure of speech comparing two unlike things without using like or as.  (Her eyes were emeralds.  He’s a fish in water.)

An idiom is an expression that does not mean literally what the words say.  (He had a frog in his throat means that  his voice is hoarse.  The cat got her tongue means that she couldn’t speak.)


Definition:  repetition of a the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

  • cool, calm, and collected
  • creatures and critters
  • scurried, scampered, scattered
  • flip-flopped
  • frolicked in frothy waves
  • bounced and pounced
  • slow as a slug
  • slow as a sloth
  • slippery and slimy
  • freaky Friday
  • crunched and munched
  • glimmer and glittered
  • shivered and shook
  • swirled and twirled
  • tripped and slipped
  • wham! bam!
  • wibble wobble
  • wiggle giggle
  • jingle jangle
  • creepy crawly
  • slip and slither
  • rustle and rattle
  • bumpy lumpy
  • twice and nice
  • naughty or nice
  • ship shape
  • perfect person
  • famous figure


Definition:  formation of a word by imitation of sound.

Bang Thud Rustle Poof Lickety-split
Boom Thump Zoom Whiz Plop
Swish Rattle Clank Whirl Slosh
Splash Ring Wham Beep Hum
Creak Crunch Buzz Drip Drop Cuckoo
Squeak Crackle Zap Click Clop