Form the plurals of most nouns by adding –s.
Form the plurals of nouns ending in s, x, z, ch, or sh by adding –es.
Note: Proper nouns usually follow this rule, too.
|the Gomezes||the Rosses||the Burches|
|the Walshes||the Mannixes|
Form the plurals of nouns ending y preceded by a consonant by changing the y to i and adding –es.
Exception: Whe proper nouns, simply add –s Example: the Kellys the Kandinskys
Form the plurals of nouns ending in y preceded by a vowel by adding –s.
Form the plurals of most nouns ending in f by adding –s. The plurals of some nouns ending in f or fe are formed by changing the f to v and adding either –s or –es.
Form the plural of a compound noun consisting of a noun plus a modifier by making the modified noun plural.
Form the plurals of nouns ending in o preceded by a vowel by adding –s. The plurals of many nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant are formed by adding –es.
Exceptions: burritos, hellos, photos, silos
Form the plurals of most musical terms ending in o by adding –s.
To form the plurals of some nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant, you may add either -s or -es.
The plurals of a few nouns are formed in irregular ways.